Tag Archives: XHTML
Recent Announcements by the W3C Do Not Mean the End of XHTML
Most Content Management System templates today are written in one of the variations of XHTML, most commonly 1.0 Strict or 1.0 Transitional. In actual fact there is very little difference between XHTML and HTML.
Extensible Hypertext Mark-up Language (XHTML) was created to be a synthesis between Hypertext Mark-up Language (HTML) and Extensible Mark-up Language (XML), but Microsoft never implemented support for XHTML in their Internet Explorer browser so any advantages it could have brought – such as XML namespaces MathML or SVG – were never realised.
The differences between the two are mainly one of syntax with XHTML being case-sensitive and requiring rigid closing with an end tag. Internet Explorer handles XHTML by using its inbuilt parser to read the language the same as it does HTML.
The reason that XHTML is so much more popular than its HTML cousin amongst the web design community is that many are still sold on what XHTML originally promised and the fact that the world governing standards body, the W3C, announced that HTML would no longer be developed after version 4.01 Strict.
In 2002 the W3C commenced work on XHTML 2, but within a few years the world’s browser makers conspired together to commence work on a new version of HTML. They considered that XHTML 2 was too specific to the presentation of data and not universal enough for all website needs.
In 2008 the W3C heeded their call and formally announced the roadmap for HTML 5.
For a while it looked like the rather gigantic differences between HTML 5 and XHTML 2 would eventually give webmasters genuine choice rather than the false hope of HTML 4 and XHTML 1, but in the spring of 2009 the W3C publicly declared they were winding down all work on XHTML 2 in order to concentrate time and resources on HTML 5.
For those webmasters who prefer to code in XHTML it may seem that the W3C has consigned their choice to the dustbin of history, but fear not: XHTML will live on! Let me explain.
The reason XHTML 2 failed was that it was too adventurous. It was not backwards compatible with either version 1.0 or 1.1 and in effect tried to reinvent the wheel; but the unique syntax of the XHTML 1.0 and 1.1 will live on in XHTML 5, a variant of HTML 5.
Briefly, some new features of HTML 5 are new elements – section, article, footer, audio, video, progress, nav, meter, time, aside, canvas, datagrid; new types of form controls – dates and times, email, url, search; and deprecated elements dropped – center, font, strike.
Due to some major differences between the consulted parties on key aspects of HTML 5, it is not expected to be finalised for at least 10 years, although the recent W3C announcement that they will throw their full weight behind version 5 instead of XHTML 2 may shorten this time frame.
Elements of HTML 5 are have already appeared in all major browsers, including Internet Explorer 8.
So fear not hard-working web designer – XHTML will continue to be with us for years, if not decades to come.
Andy Walpole is a web designer and developer: http://www.suburban-glory.com/
Understanding The Intricacies Of XHTML Slicing
While designing various websites it is now imperative to consider and use different types of formats to design templates, pages and the sites themselves. There are different types of formats like PSD, HTML, XHTML, CSS, table-less HTML, table-less XHTML etc.
These are formats ingrained within the design that enable access to information, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. While designing a website designing it becomes necessary for website designers to convert formats like from PSD to HTML, PSD to CSS and PSD to XHTML according to the preference results assimilated over a database of regular viewers and users of a website’s content.
Web developing work involves the use software that allows sites to flaunt the versatility of table-less HTML, table-less XHTML and XHTML slicing. Amongst all the different formats, many web designers and developers find that work gets easier by using any one or two rather than the others, and this varies from one user to another.
By far, the trend today follows the technology ingrained in the XHTML Slicer. Site owners and designers are now considering technology and software to:
• convert PSD to HTML
• makeover from PSD to XHTML
• convert PSD to CSS
• transfer features of PSD to XHTML coding
One of the fastest conversions and services: XHTML slicing
Considered one of the fastest template slicing techniques, the XHTML Slicer (in spite of its price being on a little higher side) addresses designing with versatility. There are many different services for slicing that are now available in the international market at varying prices.
Web designers are now finding it very necessary to covert with this technology and address the intricacies of XHTML, HTML, PSD, or for that matter CSS, because of the user friendly format finally achieved.
It is important though, like in the case of any other software purchase to investigate the features, and assess its need in the overall design after weighing the pros and cons.
The XHTML Slicer allows the web designer to use particular formats and change only parts. It is compatible with various design software programs which is why this particular formatting style and technology is so popular.
This is the main reason why many web designers prefer to ingrain graphics as well as images in files that allow use of the XHTML Slicing even in the future.
Easy ‘slicer’ conversion:
Format conversion is a technology driven process. It is not something that takes seconds at all designing stations. The procedure is known to take different time spans from one format to another and can range anywhere from a few minutes, to even hours.
All this depends on how complex the technology already ingrained and the formatting style in use. The slicer allows conversions to evade web users from turning away from a particular website in the absence of time or patience to get the conversion done at their end.
The main aim of any business is to beat competition and bag the advancement possible via the internet. The slicer befriends global competition and makes your website more user-friendly.
Designers and developers of websites are now contemplating essential formatting makeovers to design web pages and templates. Conversions like PSD to CSS and PSD to XHTML target database potentials better.
HTML, XHTML, and CSS Bible: A Review
HTML, XHTML, and CSS Bible (4th ed.) / by Steven M. Schafer (Wiley, 2007) Paperback, 700 p. ISBN 9780470128619
HTML, XHTML, and CSS Bible is the authoritative compendium how to use the basic building blocks of web design: HyperText Markup Language, eXtensible HyperText Markup Language, and Cascading Style Sheets. For readers with at least some prior knowledge of HTML, it can serve as a textbook to read sequentially, but is probably best used as a reference book.
It is divided into four sections: 1) Creating Content with HTML, 2) HTML Tools and Variants, 3) Controlling Presentations with CSS, and 4) Additional CSS Tools. Basically, HTML places content (text and images) on a web page and CSS provides the style. HTML, XHTML, and CSS Bible digs deeper into CSS than many other similar books, breaking it into small steps to make it less overwhelming. Shafer’s copious use of screenshots and diagrams also aids comprehension.
Students will benefit from the step-by-step explanations of HTML and CSS, the background, and advice on good practices. Both students and experts will find HTML, XHTML, and CSS Bible especially valuable for ease of finding particular details. The fourth part contains quick reference guides about XHTML elements, HTML special characters, CSS properties and selectors, pseudo-elements, and pseudo-classes.
HTML, XHTML, and CSS Bible serves ably as a basic textbook, a refresher, and a desk reference. This edition has been superseded by later ones, but it still serves its purpose ably for anyone who is not working strictly with cutting edge innovations in browsers or web design. Usually, old editions are available only as used books, but new copies of the 4th edition of HTML, XHTML, and CSS Bible are still available . Every day the All-Purpose Guru Alert features one carefully chosen bargain book. Visit often.
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The indispensable introductory reference guide to HTML, XHTML and CSS Even though new technologies enable people to do much more with the Web, in the end HTML, XHTML and CSS are still at the root of any Web site. The newest edition of this bestselling guide is fully updated and revised for the latest technology changes to the field, including HTML5 and CSS3. Illustrated in full color, it continues to provide beginner and advanced coders the tools they need to… More >>
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I’ve currently got a site which runs very well in strict XHTML; however the buzz of HTML 5 has reached me, and I realise I can start creating something in HTML5 (although may not put it online yet as not everyone supports HTML 5 and CSS3 yet). Is there such thing as XHTML 5? I just want to use the HTML 5 features in my XHTML documents, I like the clean and tidiness or XHTML; and I’ve got many pages written in XHTML (it would take me AGES to change), so how can I use these HTML5 features while in XHTML?
- ISBN13: 9780470523964
- Condition: NEW
- Notes: Brand New from Publisher. No Remainder Mark.
An essential update to the key web authoring standards of HTML, XHTML, and CSS The existence of Web pages depends on three vital technologies: HTML (base language that Web pages are written in), XHTML (standards that define how to write HTML pages), and CSS (standard that applies formatting styles to Web pages). This new edition provides you with critical coverage of these three Web authoring standards, and places special focus on the upcoming releases of HTML 5 … More >>
NEW PERSPECTIVES ON BLENDED HTML, XHTML, AND CSS provides you with beginning Web programming skills with in-depth coverage of CSS and its use with HTML and XHTML. With the New Perspectives proven pedagogy, you will think critically and understand WHY you’re learning WHAT you’re learning…. More >>
Many talk about HTML5 not really getting complete till 2022, lots of people ignore it entirely : which is a large mistake. Actually, you will find a number of HTML5 functions that we may use in all the tasks right now! Simpler, cleaner code is definitely the best thing. In the current movie quick suggestion, I will demonstrate a handful of options.
- ISBN13: 9780596527327
- Condition: NEW
- Notes: Brand New from Publisher. No Remainder Mark.
“…lucid, in-depth descriptions of the behavior of every HTML tag on every major browser and platform, plus enough dry humor to make the book a pleasure to read.”
–Edward Mendelson, PC Magazine “When they say ‘definitive’ they’re not kidding.”
–Linda Roeder, About.com Put everthing you need to know about HTML & XHTML at your fingertips. For nearly a decade, hundreds of thousands of web developers have turned to HTML & XHTML: The Definitiv… More >>